Biomass to methanol plant based on gasification of palm empty fruit bunch

Rudy, Heryadi and Aep Saepul, Uyun and Muhammad Syukri, Nur and Kamaruddin, Abdullah and O., Anne (2019) Biomass to methanol plant based on gasification of palm empty fruit bunch. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 293.


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Biomass from Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) has the potential to be employed as raw material for renewable energy sources in Indonesia. EFB can be efficiently converted into valuable fuel products through gasification to produce syngas. Syngas is a suitable basis for added value products development. One of type biomass that has big potential to be utilized is palm EFB biomass. Research about methanol synthesis from various biomass has been done, though little research about methanol production based on EFB gasification. The purpose of this research is to simulate methanol plant model based on gasification of palm EFB. The method covers the step to perform a simulation of the model and methanol plant design. Electric power requirement has been investigated at 3 417 kW, and 67 % of its demand can be fulfilled by steam generation cycle and internal combustion engine (ICE) fuelled by off-gas, while the deficit fulfilled by diesel powered ICE. The flow rate of methanol produced is 85 % of EFB feed flowrate. Energy efficiency is 92 % once electricity energy added to liquid product energy content. The developed model reflects the initial step toward circular economy principals as well as the basis for analysis of the methanol production from EFB biomass gasification profitability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspen Hysys, efficiency, renewable energy, simulation, syngas, waste to energy
Subjects: 600 Technology and Applied Sciences /Teknologi dan Ilmu-ilmu Terapan > 662.8 Other Fuels/Industri Bahan Bakar Lainnya
Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Energi Terbarukan
Depositing User: Fachry Al-Tolah Perpustakaan
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2020 02:38
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2020 03:47

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